things? The tips below are a quick
reference to things that have made me more
successful on the water.
Stream specific flies
Stream specific flies:
• Try a size 16
bead head green weenie caddis larva or a floating
green inch worm on Clarks Creek, PA from
late spring through late summer.
• Try a size 20
grey adult midge in the fly fishing section
of the Yellow Breeches Creek, PA from
January through March.
• Try a size 20
olive deer hair beetle in the fly fishing
section of the Yellow Breeches Creek, PA
during the summer months.
• Try a size
8-10 black muddler minnow on the Letort, PA
• Use flies with
rubber legs on the Salmon River, Pulaski,
you're comfortable casting flies of varying
weights, you can simplify your life by
fishing an intermediate line nearly 100% of
the time. This is true for both boat
and shore fishing. Less time is spent
switching lines and rigging rods.
Additionally, it's one less thing to carry,
i.e. spare spool or extra reel.
Experience is based on Northeast fishing
from MA to NC, bluewater not included. There are
times floating and sinking lines are
preferred, i.e. extremely shallow or deep
swift water and when solely fishing
• Begin by
covering the top of the water column with a
4-6 inch white Deceiver, then switch to a half and
half style fly like a
to cover the bottom.
with the current and fish,
don't stay stagnant. The intent of
this technique is to locate fish.
Every shoreline holds minor changes in
bottom structure. These changes hold
fish. Due to water depth, you may be
unable to see these changes. By
walking and fishing you'll fish structure not visible to the eye.
depressions or points with a GPS at low
tide, return to fish these spots on the
Read this article.
• Wear sandals
over stocking foot waders to prevent sand
from filling in boots. Simple gravel
cuffs on boots is not enough when wading
• Use pliers
and a leather glove to
tighten knots when 20 pound tippet or
heavier is used.
• Fish in front
of obstructions like bridge pilings on an
• Use a casting
bucket when fishing large or fast flowing
• Use a braided
leader to reduce tangles. Cut the
thicker braided loop and serve directly onto
the fly line.
Read this article.
• In my opinion
the best all around Mid-Atlantic trout dry
fly is a size 16 black deer hair beetle with
a fat abdomen. It can be used from
Spring to Fall and can elicit strikes when
slapped on the water. Beetles contain
the largest Order of insects and include
both terrestrial and aquatic species.
• In my
opinion the best all around Mid-Atlantic
trout streamer is a size 10 non-weighted olive krystal
flash woolly bugger with reddish-brown
hackle. I once read, woolly buggers
were at one time provided in US
military survival packs. If true,
another reason to add this fly to your box.
• Wear clear
safety glasses at night when fishing.
• Tape your
fingers to prevent line cuts if you plan to
fish several days, particularly if you're
• Use a wading
belt that contains a pouch-type inflatable
• Be conscious
of wind direction when casting. To
prevent bodily harm keep your cast and fly
downwind of your body. Creative
casting may be necessary, i.e. casting
across your body or reverse casting.
If barbless hooks aren't your thing, you may
wish to reconsider if fishing in strong
removal - The following is provided as a
possible remedy, I'm not a doctor, so please use your best judgment.
The most successful method I've seen and
used for removing an embedded barbed hooks
is to advance the hook point through the
skin until the barb is exposed at which
point the barb is cut off with wire cutters
and the remaining hook is backed out.
Liberally wash punctures with soap and water
and cover with a thin layer of antibiotic
ointment (i.e. Neosporin or Polysporin).
Cover wound with a sterile dressing.
Follow-up with your physician for a possible
tetanus shot. Special note -
Depending on location of injury and
underlying tissue structure (i.e. blood
vessels, nerves or tendons), trying to
remove a hook without professional help may
cause more damage.
• Rub your
fly on the fish. This technique should
not be used with dry flies, however when
used with streamers the scent from the fish
will help mask unwanted odors, i.e. human,
glue, moth balls, etc.. This technique
usually makes catching the next fish easier.
IGFA rules on scent - "No scent, either
natural or artificial is allowed on flies.
The use of scented material in a fly is
prepare yourself for fighting and landing a
fish of a lifetime. Every time you
fish, visually inspect
for possible obstructions and preferred
you're a beginner fly fisherman and find
yourself losing fish, try the following.
Practice "clearing your fly line". Have
a friend pull your fly line as you practice
raising your rod while maintaining tension
on the line. Feather line out through
your fingers as the rod rises, constantly
maintaining tension on the line. Raise
the rod to the 1 o'clock position at which
time the remaining line can be wound on the
reel. Many first time saltwater or
salmon fishermen will lose fish simple
because they lock their stripping finger
(with fly line) against the rod handle.
They neglect to give the fish line and the
• Go to the
fish. Don't just fish places with easy access. Use aerial photos
and topographical maps to find bends in
rivers, feeder streams or deep pockets of
water close to shore. This areas
typically hold more fish.